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Geography Curriculum Map 2022/ 2023

Moseley Primary School – Geography Routeway

At Moseley, Geography is taught through a themed approach across the school. Geography is taught linking to the four subcategories; Locational Knowledge, Place Knowledge, Human and Physical Geography and Geographical Skills and Field Work. Children are given a wide range of opportunities to learn through research, first-hand experiences and practical activities. We believe that all children should have a strong knowledge of the world, be able to use their Geographical skills, make observations and understand the world’s processes and features.


Nursery and Reception

Understanding of the world; People and communities, The world.

Year 1

The United Kingdom

England: Coventry

The United Kingdom: England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland


Mapping the World

Continents and Oceans

Year 2

England: London

Scotland: Edinburgh

Wales: Cardiff

Northern Ireland: Belfast


Australia (Aboriginal people, animals, Great Barrier Reef, Sydney, Daintree Rainforest)


Continents and Oceans

Describing Maps of the World 2

The Oceans (The Arctic Ocean, The Atlantic Ocean, The Pacific Ocean, The Southern Ocean, The Indian Ocean)

Year 3


Europe: Population

Describing Maps of the World 1

Describing Maps of the World 2

Europe: Rivers

Erosion and Deposition: Rivers

Landscapes: Rivers

The Water Cycle: the cycle

The Water Cycle: clouds and precipitation

Europe: Mountains

Landscapes: Mountains

Landscapes: Mountains

Year 4

Describing Maps of the World 3

Earthquakes and Volcanos: plate tectonics

Earthquakes and Volcanos: the pacific ring of fire

Earthquakes and Volcanos: Impact

International Trade: Food

International Trade: Natural Resources

International Trade: Tourism

Climate Change

Transportation: Cities

Transportation: National

Transportation: International


Year 5

North America

North America: Population

North America: Rivers

North America: Mountains

Biomes and Climate Zones (Tropical Rainforest Biome, Temperate Deciduous Forest Biome, Desert Biome, Grassland Biome, Savannah Biome)

Ocean Currents

Erosion and Deposition: Coasts

Erosion and Deposition: Management

Year 6

South America

South America: Population

South America: Mountains

South America: Rivers

Using Maps: Features

Using Maps: Six-Figure Grid References

Biomes and Climate Zones (Tundra Biome, Taiga Biome, Marine Biome, Freshwater Biome, Ice Biome)



Children are taught progressively across the school to gradually widen and deepen their knowledge of the world, it’s oceans, countries, continents and capital cities including the equator and poles. We believe children should have subject specific vocabulary to support them with their observations and comparisons. Themes are selected and taught in line with the National Curriculum’s Geographical programme of study. Teachers will also use Curriculum Companions to ensure children revisit and build upon their knowledge. Children in the Early Years are taught about Geography alongside the ‘Understanding of the World’ category from the Early Years Foundation Stage Curriculum framework.


Our goal is to inspire the children to learn more about the world around them. To do this, we provide many opportunities for children to learn through; trips in the local area and other geographical sites. Children are expected to make comparisons of local and wider locations and observe the changes that are made to some areas, over time. This develops the children’s understanding of the differences within different areas of the world and why some processes might occur. Geography is often taught in a cross-curricular approach; some key lessons that are taught will make curriculum links to Maths and Literacy supporting children in the development of some of their skills.  

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